Symptoms of Tipes Disease, Causes, and Treatment

Roseous.comSymptoms of Tipes Disease, Causes, and Treatment. Tipes is a disease caused by infection with one or more rickettsial bacteria. Lice, mites, hair lice, or some kind of lice that transmit it when they bite the human skin to suck blood. Fleas, mites, and lice are invertebrate animals known as arthropods. When arthropods carry rickettsial bacteria to bite a person, they transmit the bacteria that cause tipes. Scratching tick bites will further open the skin and allow bacteria to gain greater access to the bloodstream. Once in the bloodstream, bacteria continue to reproduce and grow.

Symptoms of Tipes Disease, Causes, and Treatment

Tip Type
What are the types of tipes? Here are three different types of tips:
  1. Tipes epidemic
  2. Tipes endemi
  3. Tipes Scrub (scrub typhus)

Type of tipes depends on you. Arthropods are typically carriers of typhoid diseases that are unique to their species.

Typhoid outbreaks usually occur only in developing countries or in poor areas, poor sanitation, and close human contact. Tipes is generally not a problem in the United States, but you may be infected while traveling abroad.

Untreated Tipes can lead to serious complications, and potentially fatal. It is advisable to see your doctor if you suspect that you may have typhoid.

Causes of Tipes
What causes tipes disease? Tipes does not spread from person to person like a cold or flu. There are three different types of tipes, and each type is caused by different bacterial types and is transmitted by different types of arthropods.

  • Ticks cause tipes
This type is caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and carried by the human body, and possibly by fleas as well. These can be found all over the world, including in the United States, but are usually found in areas with high populations and poor sanitation, where conditions cause ticks to multiply.

  • Tipes endemi
Or known as murine typhoid, this type is caused by Rickettsia typhi and carried by rat fleas or cat lice. Endemic Tipes can be found all over the world. These can be found among people who are closely related to mice. This is not commonly found in the United States, but cases have been reported in several areas, particularly Texas and southern California.

  • Tipes scrub
This type is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi and carried by mites at the larval stage when they are red skinned. This type of tipes is more common in Asia, Australia, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. It is also called tsutsugamushi disease.

Ticks, mites, and hair lice become carriers of bacteria when they feed on the blood of an infected person (epidemic typhoid) or an infected rodent (one of the three types of tipes mentioned above).

If you come into contact with an arthropod carrying this bacteria (for example, by sleeping on a flea-infested bedspread), you can get infected in several ways. Bacteria, other than transmitted through your skin through their bites, can also be transmitted through their feces. If you scratch the skin in the area of ​​flea bite marks, bacteria in their feces can enter your bloodstream through small cuts on your skin.

Symptoms of Tipes
What are the symptoms of tipes? The characteristics of tipes or typhoid symptoms differ slightly from the type of tipes, but there are symptoms associated with these three types of tips, such as:
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Rash

Read Also: Dangers of Smoking For Health.

The characteristics of tipes or symptoms of epidemic typing usually appear suddenly, including:
  1. Severe headache
  2. High fever (above 102.2 ° F)
  3. The rash starts on the back or chest and spreads
  4. Dizzy
  5. Fainting
  6. Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  7. Eye sensitivity to bright light
  8. Severe muscle pain

While the characteristics of tipes or symptoms of endemic tipes lasts for 10-12 days and are very similar to the symptoms of epidemic typhoid but are usually less severe, including:
  • Dry cough
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea

The characteristics or symptoms seen in people with tipes scrub include:
  1. Swollen lymph nodes
  2. Fatigue
  3. Red lesions or pain on the skin at the site of the bite
  4. Cough
  5. Rash

The incubation period for this disease is an average of 5-14 days. This means the symptoms usually will not appear until 5-14 days after you are bitten. Travelers who are exposed to tipes while traveling abroad may not experience symptoms until they return home. This is why it's important to tell your doctor about recent trips if you have any of the above symptoms.

Diagnosis of Tipes
If you suspect a tip, your doctor will inquire about your symptoms and medical history. To help diagnose, tell your doctor if you:
  • Live in a crowded environment
  • Knowing the outbreak of typhus in your community
  • Been traveling overseas recently

Diagnosis of typhoid is difficult because of the common symptoms for other infectious diseases, including:
  • Dengue fever, also known as a breakbone fever
  • Malaria, an infectious disease spread by mosquitoes
  • Brucellosis, an infectious disease caused by the species of Brucella bacteria
Diagnostic tests for the availability of tipes include:
  • Skin biopsy: the skin sample from your rash will be tested in the laboratory
  • Western blot: test to identify the existence of tipes
  • Immunofluorescence test: using fluorescent dye to detect tipy antigen in serum samples taken from the bloodstream
  • Other blood tests: results may indicate an infection

Tipes Treatment
  • The most common antibiotics used to treat tipes include:
  • Doxycycline (Doryx, Vibramycin): preferred treatment
  • Chloramphenicol: an option for those who are not pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro): used for adults who can not use doxycycline

Complications of Tipes
  • Some typhoid complications include:
  • Hepatitis, which is inflammation of the liver
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding, which bleeds in the intestine
  • Hypovolaemia, which is a decrease in the volume of blood fluid

Read also: The Importance of Maintaining Reproductive Health

Prevention Tipes
During World War II, vaccines were created to prevent typhe epidemics. However, the number of shrunken cases has stopped the production of vaccines. The easiest way to prevent tipes is to avoid spreading pests.

Suggestions for tipé prevention include:
  • Maintain adequate personal hygiene (helps keep lice from carrying disease)
  • Control of rodent populations (rodents are known to carry arthropods)
  • Avoid travel to areas where tipes exposure has occurred, or to countries at high risk due to lack of sanitation
  • Chemoprophylaxis with doxycycline (used as a precaution only for those at high risk, such as those conducting humanitarian campaigns in areas with extreme poverty and little or no sanitation)
  • Perform routine checks for ticks, and wear protective clothing if you are traveling near the area where there has been an outbreak of tipes.
Symptoms of Tipes Disease, Causes, and Treatment Symptoms of Tipes Disease, Causes, and Treatment Reviewed by ROSEOUS COM on April 13, 2018 Rating: 5
Powered by Blogger.