What is gout?

Roseous.comWhat is gout?. Uric acid disease is a form of arthritis disease that causes redness, swelling, and pain that comes suddenly on your joints. Sometimes there are lay people who call it gout, but this is not entirely appropriate.

What is gout?

The big toe is the most commonly affected part of uric acid, but it can also affect other joints in the legs, such as the knees, ankles, soles of the feet. Uric acid also sometimes occurs in the arms, hands, wrists, and elbows. The spine can also be affected, though rarely.

Although uric acid disease can be a chronic disease, this condition can be cured and prevented from recurrence. This condition can be managed by reducing some lifestyle factors. Please discuss with your doctor for more information.

How common is gout?

Uric acid disease occurs in about 1 in 200 adults. This condition can affect everyone, regardless of age and gender, but men are more likely to experience it than women.

Usually, this gout occurs in the age group 30-50 years in men, while in women more commonly found in those who have experienced menopause. Meanwhile, teen age groups and children very rarely experience this disease.

Signs & symptoms

What are the symptoms of gout?

In some cases, gout does not show any symptoms at first. Symptoms of uric acid usually begin to appear when the patient has experienced an acute or even chronic conditions. The most common symptoms are:
  • Severe and sudden joint pain, which often occurs first in the morning
  • The joints are swollen and soft
  • Reddish joints
  • The heat around the joint

Symptoms of uric acid usually appear suddenly, unpredictably, and often occur in the middle of the night. Most of the symptoms of gout only occur within a few hours for 1-2 days. However, in severe cases, joint pain may occur within weeks. If you experience these symptoms, then your gout is severe enough.

Meanwhile, some are experiencing symptoms of gout for up to 6-12 months - in different intensities each day. This condition, quite severe, and if you experience it, better go to see a doctor immediately.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.

What are the stages of gout?

There are three stages of uric acid disease based on its severity, namely:
  • The first stage. At this stage uric acid levels have risen in the blood, but there is no symptoms of uric acid that appears. You may never experience the symptoms of gout. Usually, people who experience this, will feel the first symptoms of uric acid after he fell ill kidney stones.
  • The second stage. When entering the second stage, the uric acid levels are too high it has formed the crystals that usually occur on the toes. In this stage, you will experience pain and pain in the joints, but this will not last long. After a while, you will experience other gout symptoms with increasing intensity and frequency.
  • Third phase. In this third stage, the symptoms of uric acid never go away and uric acid crystals are formed not only attack one joint. In fact, in this stage will appear clumps of substances that have been crystallized under the skin. This condition causes more severe pain and can damage the cartilage.

Most people who suffer from this disease, only experience one or two stages only. Quite rarely people suffering from uric acid are found to have reached the third stage, because most in the second stage of people with uric acid symptoms can already be handled properly.

When should I see a doctor?

If you experience some of the above-mentioned symptoms, check with your doctor immediately to receive immediate treatment. Gout disease can cause joint damage if left untreated.

If you have a fever and your joints are hot and inflamed, seek medical care as it can be a sign of infection.

Cause?

What can be the cause of uric acid?

So in fact, the cause of uric acid is the level of uric acid itself is too much in the body. Under normal circumstances, these chemicals will be excreted by the body through urine and faeces.

However, in people who experience uric acid, the amount of uric acid is too much and can not be processed by the body. Ultimately, the substance will form crystals and accumulate around the joints, then cause inflammation.

Then what causes uric acid in the body height? The cause of uric acid too high is too often and consume lots of foods containing purines. Purines are chemicals produced naturally by the body, but contained in some foods.

When a person consumes a diet containing purines, the body will process it into uric acid. Thus, the more eating foods that contain purines, the higher your risk for developing gout.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for developing gout?

Too much eating food containing purines can indeed be the main cause of uric acid. But actually there are various other risk factors that can make you experience gout.

What are the risk factors for gout?
  • Age and gender. Although not yet known why, but uric acid is more experienced by men than women. Meanwhile, older people are also more susceptible to this disease than young adults.
  • Family health history. If you have one family member who has uric acid, then you also have a greater chance to experience the same thing. Although this is not the main cause of uric acid, but by knowing family health history, you can be more vigilant with this disease.
  • Excessive weight. Having a weight that exceeds normal, can increase the risk of this disease. People who have a body mass index greater than 25 kg / m 2 should be more alert for gout.
  • Take certain medications. Some types of medicines that you consume can be the cause of uric acid accumulate in the body, for example:
    1. Aspirin, this painkiller will increase the risk of uric acid if taken regularly 1-2 tablets per day.
    2. Diuretic drugs, which are commonly used to treat fluid buildup in the body.
    3. Chemotherapy drugs, which are used to treat various cancers.
    4. Medications that can lower the immune system, such as cyclosporine.
  • A history of health, having a prior health disorder may increase the chances of getting gout. Health problems that can increase the risk of gout lik
    1. Diabetes
    2. Impaired kidney function
    3. Heart disease
    4. Arterosclerosis, blocked blood vessels
    5. Infectious diseases
    6. High blood pressure
  • Implementing an unhealthy lifestyle. Eating foods that contain lots of purines, such as meat and seafood will make the symptoms of gout appear. In addition, excessive amounts of alcohol may be the cause of gout.
  • Dehydration. If you have a shortage of fluids, then your body will be difficult to remove the acid through the urine. This is one cause of uric acid accumulate in the body.
  • After surgery or injury. Injuries can be the cause of uric acid because this condition leads to inflammation in the joints which will then trigger the emergence of other symptoms of uric acid.

Diagnosis & medication

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

How do doctors diagnose gout?

Uric acid disease often deceive because most of the symptoms are almost the same as other symptoms of the disease. Sometimes, although the amount of uric acid has been high, but no symptoms of gout appear. Therefore, if a person is suspected of having uric acid, then there are several examinations that are recommended to be done, namely:
  • Tests of joint fluid. This examination is done by taking swollen joint fluid using a syringe.
  • Blood test. This test aims to determine whether the amount of uric acid is high or not in the blood.
  • Urine test. In addition to blood tests, these chemicals will be seen levels in your urine. If not normal, then you are very likely to experience gout.
  • X-ray. Gout sufferers need to do X-rays to see more causes of inflammation that occurs in the joints.
  • CT-scan. This examination can detect where the location of the crystal stack is located, although it does not cause symptoms.

Can Uric acid cure this disease?

There is no cure for uric acid that can get a person out of this disease forever. Even so, do not worry, uric acid drug can be consumed to control and alleviate the symptoms that arise.

So, if you want to avoid future gout attacks, you should adhere to taking uric acid medication prescribed by a doctor and live a healthy lifestyle.

Symptoms that appear can be treated by taking the following uric acid medications:
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat sudden and severe uric acid attacks. Examples of this type of uric acid drugs are ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, and etoricoxib.
  • Steroids can be used as alternative uric acid drugs in addition to NSAIDs. Drugs of this type are available in oral or injectable form which can be directly inserted into the joints. Examples include prednisone and methylprednisone.
  • Colchicine helps reduce the risk of recurrence. Your doctor will prescribe this uric acid drug, if the NSAID is not suitable for you. But in some cases the side effects of this drug can cause diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal cramps.
  • Drugs that control uric acid levels in the blood such as allopurinol, probenesid, and febuxostat.

What are the possible complications if you do not take uric acid medicine?

If people with uric acid do not take uric acid drugs regularly, then the symptoms will be felt more severe. In fact, it is not possible this disease cause other health problems, such as:
  • Tophi. This condition is characterized by the accumulation of crystals beneath the surface of the skin. Usually, these clumps will appear around the toes, knees, fingers, and ears. If not handled properly, then tophi will increasingly grow larger.
  • Damage to joints. If the patient ignores the suggestion to take uric acid medicine, it is not impossible joints will be permanently damaged. This condition increases the risk of injury and bone health problems and other joints.
  • Kidney stones. The crystal buildup does not just happen in the joints alone. When uric acid is not handled properly, the crystals can accumulate in the kidneys. This will make the kidneys have stones and block the flow of urine to come out.

Abstinence

What should I do if I have already suffered from gout (gout)?

Not only do you need to take uric acid medicine regularly, but you also have to abide by various taboos. Prohibition of uric acid is important to prevent recurrence in the future.

What are abstinences for people with gout?

Actually the most important uric acid restriction is to avoid the things that can trigger the gout appears. Then, what are the restrictions of uric acid that must be obeyed?

1. Eat foods high in purines

Purines can actually be found in various foods. But in the abstinence of uric acid, you should only avoid foods with high purines such as offal, meat broth, sausage, duck, and various types of seafood. Meanwhile, the food that should be limited are:
  • Meat and chicken should only be 50 grams per day
  • Green beans, soybeans, and peanuts can be consumed as much as 25 grams in one day
  • Some kinds of vegetables for example, spinach, kale, beans, cauliflower, leaves and seeds melinjo each eaten only as much as 100 grams per day.

Not every food is a prohibition of uric acid, really. There are some foods that are safe to eat, even recommended such as low-fat foods, fruits that contain vitamin C and potassium, such as apples and bananas that can help you avoid from the relapse of gout.

2. Not set the diet properly

Another uric acid challenge to watch out for is managing and managing your diet well. Not only do low-purine diet alone, however, you should also avoid foods containing high fats and sugars. In addition to bad for health, these foods make your weight scales easily soar.

3. Not drinking enough water

Rarely drinking water is the next uric acid prohibition. You must keep your body hydrated well by drinking enough water. Try to drink more water, than water that has a sweet taste.
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4. Do not exercise regularly

Silence at home or lazing in the room is one of the abstinence of uric acid that you must obey, if you do not want gout relapse. Regular exercise can keep you healthy. The more weight you lose due to laziness to move, the more frequent gout attacks you can experience later on.

All the abstinence of uric acid is important for you to do if you do not want to feel pain and pain in the joints. However, it could be that even if you already adhere to the abstinence of uric acid, symptoms may appear later on. If this is the case, then do the following ways to resolve it:
  • Raise the limb affected by gout to reduce swelling
  • Apply ice packs on the inflamed joints for about 20 minutes
  • Repeat as often as necessary but make sure the temperature of the compressed part has returned to normal before repeating it again.

If you have any questions, please consult your doctor to better understand the best solution for you.
What is gout? What is gout? Reviewed by ROSEOUS COM on May 23, 2018 Rating: 5
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