Here are 9 Habits That Make Risk of Hypertension Rise - Here are 9 Habits That Make Risk of Hypertension RiseHypertension is one of the most common diseases of the community. Recognize the various risks of the following causes of hypertension!
 Here are 9 Habits That Make Risk of Hypertension Rise

Hypertension is a chronic condition of blood flowing in the arterial blood vessels with a higher pressure than normal pressure. Known as a "silent killer" disease, hypertension can arise without any typical symptoms but can lead to death. Until now, hypertension is still a health problem in Indonesia. Riskesdas 2013 recorded as many as 25.8 percent of people experiencing hypertension. One trigger is a habit that makes the risk of increased hypertension.

Blood pressure consists of two kinds, namely systolic blood pressure (numbers located at the top) and diastolic blood pressure (numbers at the bottom). Systolic pressure indicates arterial blood pressure as the heart muscle contracts to pump blood throughout the body, whereas diastolic blood pressure is the blood pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between the beats.

Normally, an adult's blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. A person is said to have hypertension when systolic blood pressure is more than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure is more than 90 mmHg at twice the measurement, with an interval of five minutes in a restful state.

Long-lasting, uncontrolled hypertensive diseases can cause symptoms of organ damage, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and renal failure. Various things can increase a person's risk of hypertension. Therefore, to prevent hypertension is important to know the factors that can increase the likelihood of someone affected by hypertension.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors for hypertension can be divided into irreversible risk factors and modifiable risk factors.

Hypertension risk factors can not be changed

1. Family history

Genetic factors contribute enough to the emergence of hypertension. If you have a family history of close-up (parents, siblings, grandparents) who suffer from hypertension, then your risk for hypertension becomes higher.

2. Age

Blood pressure tends to be higher with age. This is due to the increasing age, especially old age, blood vessels will naturally thickened and more rigid. These changes may increase the risk of hypertension. However, children can also develop hypertension.

3. Intimate

Men are more likely to have hypertension under age 55, while women are more likely to occur at the age of 55. After menopause, women who had normal pressure may have hypertension due to hormonal changes in the body.

Hypertension risk factors that can be modified

Immediately correct the things mentioned below to reduce the risk of hypertension.

1. Unhealthy diet

The habit of eating foods high in salt or salty foods can cause hypertension. Similarly, the habit of eating foods that are low in fiber, high in saturated fat, and trans fats.

2. Lack of physical activity

Physical activity is good for heart health and blood vessels. Lack of physical activity can lead to weight gain which increases the risk of high blood pressure.

3. Overweight

An imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure leads to obesity and obesity. By definition, obesity is an excess of total body fat> 20 percent compared to ideal body weight. Overweight or obesity is associated with high amounts of bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, thereby increasing the risk of hypertension. In addition to hypertension, obesity is also one of the major risk factors for diabetes and heart disease.

4. Excessive alcohol consumption

Routine and excessive alcohol consumption can lead to various health problems, including hypertension. In addition, these bad habits are also associated with cancer risk, obesity, heart failure, stroke, and the incidence of accidents.

5. Smoking

Smoking can damage the heart and blood vessels. Nicotine can increase blood pressure, while carbon monoxide can reduce the amount of oxygen carried in the blood. Not only smokers are at risk, passive smokers or people who inhale cigarette smoke around it are also at risk of heart and blood vessel disorders.

6. Stress

Excessive stress increases the risk of hypertension. When stressed, you can experience dietary changes, lazy to move, divert stress by smoking or consuming alcohol out of the ordinary. These things can indirectly cause hypertension.

7. High cholesterol

High cholesterol in the blood can lead to accumulation of atherosclerotic plaques, which in turn can make blood vessels narrow thus increasing blood pressure. In addition, atherosclerotic plaque that is formed can also cause coronary heart disease, which if not treated properly can result in heart attacks. If atherosclerotic plaques are in the blood vessels of the brain, it can cause stroke.

8. Diabetes

Diabetes can increase the risk of hypertension. The American Diabetes Association reported from 2002-2012 as much as 71 percent of diabetic patients also experienced hypertension. Diabetes can cause an increase in blood pressure due to decreased eslasticity of blood vessels, increased amount of fluid in the body, and alter the body's ability to fight insulin.

9. Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or stop breathing during sleep is one factor that can trigger the occurrence of hypertension. In OSA, there is total or partial or partial obstruction of the upper airway during sleep, which may cause a decrease or cessation of airflow. This condition can cause a decrease in the amount of oxygen in the body. The relationship between OSA and hypertension is complex. During the respiratory phase, there may be an increase in sympathetic nervous activity and increased systemic vaccular resistance leading to increased blood pressure.

There are many factors that can increase the risk of hypertension. Factors such as age, family history, and gender are unusual to change. However, there are some risk factors that can be changed with better lifestyle changes and healthy, and stop doing habits that can make the risk of hypertension increase.

Here are 9 Habits That Make Risk of Hypertension Rise  Here are 9 Habits That Make Risk of Hypertension Rise Reviewed by ROSEOUS COM on June 15, 2018 Rating: 5
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