Worm Hazards for Children and Adults

Roseous.comWorm Hazards for Children and AdultsWorms are a parasitic disease caused by guinea worm infection (Dracunculus medinensis), the largest parasite known to attack humans. Guinea worm disease is also called Dracunculiasis.

Worm Hazards for Children and Adults

Although often considered the wind then, diseases caused by the absorption of food by the worms in the body should not be underestimated. The impact for the patient was no less dangerous than other diseases. Moreover, the victims are mostly children.

"Especially children aged two years and over who started playing on the floor or land. Well, the soil is already polluted (soiled), especially by human feces, "said Dr. Adi Tagor SpA DPH from Pondok Indah Hospital.

Causes of intestinal worms

Worms are a typical tropical and sub-tropical disease, and usually increase during the rainy season. At that moment, rivers and latrines overflow, and worm larvae spread to various angles that are very likely to come into contact with and enter the human body. The worm larvae that enter the body takes 1-3 weeks to develop. Common worms "invaded" the human body are hookworms, roundworms, and pinworms.

"The area where environmental sanitation is still bad, almost 90 percent of its children must be exposed to worms," ​​continued Adi.

Should no longer use septictank for the purpose of defecation. "Especially, because the area is very dense, should the stools directly discharged to the shelter, as in Singapore."

When a child who has intestinal defecation on the floor, then the egg or sporanya can stand for days, even though it has been dipel. "Before it can be home, the larvae will not come out (hatch). Once inside the intestine, it will come out. "

In addition through the food contaminated by larvae, worms also enter the human body through the pores of the skin. From the ground, for example through the feet of naked children who step on larvae or eggs. Can also worm larvae enter through the pores, which is usually characterized by the emergence of itching.

"After penetrating the skin, he goes into the veins (back), then toward the lungs. Well, in this lung appears Loffler Syndrome. Children so cough like tuberculosis, phlegm like asthma. It belongs to the cycle of worm travel. "

After that, the worm bites the intestinal wall spawn quickly in the intestine. "In this intestine food is broken down into nutrients (elementary nutrients that can be absorbed by the intestines). These are "hijacked" by worms. So, the worm is indeed domiciled in the intestine, because he can not digebis own food. He must eat half-digested. "In addition to the normal cycle, worms can also spread to other places, such as the liver or other body parts.

Impact of Worms

The impact of worms was not trivial. From stunted physical growth, to IQ loss. The greatest impact is anemia or low hemoglobin (Hb) levels. So Hb is vital for humans.

"Its function is like a conveyance, like a truck, which carries oxygen and food from the intestine to all organs of the body," said Adi who likes the Hb work function such as Bulog that deliver rice. "If the truck is a bit, the rice will be late. So even in people who are anemic. Oxygen and nutrient supply to the brain a little, to the kidneys a little. "

In fact, a growing child needs a lot of nutrients. "Nutrition is divided into two, namely macro nutrients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water) and micro nutrients (vitamins and minerals). Well, this is 'hijacked'. So, the fat worm, not his son, "said Adi.

"In the body, these worms will give birth again, again, and again. Sometimes, if it clumps, it looks like a ball. Can also happen "erratic", worms out through the nose or mouth, "he continued.

Anemia makes children sick easily because they have no endurance. "How healthy would be if the substances to make endurance, especially protein, has been plowed in the intestine by the worm," he continued. The child will also lose weight, and learning achievement decreases.

Worms Fatal

Worms can also be fatal. "Can be to the bile, though rarely, or make intestine hole. Fatal is not directly, but because the physical weak, endurance down, then other diseases entered. Well, this is another disease that is fatal. "

Symptoms of intestinal worms

Symptoms of intestinal worms are usually characterized by abdominal pain, recurrent diarrhea, and bloating. "Often there are also unclear and repeated colic," explained Adi. If it is severe, "The child's face will appear pale and thin body. This means there has been a physical impoverishment, "continued the pediatrician who is also the holder of a public health diploma from Singapore.

When do parents take children to a doctor? In tropical and sub-tropical areas, especially in poorly sanitary areas, almost all children must be worms. In poor areas, the rate of worms in children is even certain to be 100 percent.

"So, do not need to be checked, definitely worms. Therefore, every six months at the age of growing, ie age 0 to about the age of 15 years, the child is given a worm medicine. "The period of six months is to cut the life cycle of the worm.

Adults Can Also Worms

According to Adi Tagor, adults can also be worms. "The worm medicine for adults also exists, but it is given once a year." What distinguishes intestinal worms in children and in adults is that children are still growing and growing, while adults are no longer growing and developing. "Adults can still survive, can fight against existing worms."

What should be observed is, approximately 60-80 percent of diseases that occur in adulthood begins at the age of growth. For example, chronic anemia due to intestinal worms. This will make the number of brain cells decreased due to lack of nutrients during the growth period.

As a result, as an adult, the physical quality and IQ of the person will certainly decrease as well. Another example, when small infectious diseases that are not caught. "After adult kidney disease, and so on."

Tips to Avoid Worms
  • Familiarize children to clean hands with soap, before meals, after meals, or after playing, especially outdoors.
  • Cut the child's nails regularly. Long nails can be a place to live worm larvae.
  • Teach children not to get used to put their hands in their mouths. Always pack sandals or shoes whenever the child is playing outdoors.
  • Keep the sanitary environment clean, for example by diligently cleaning the latrine or septictank.

Types of worms

According to research, Dr. Adi Sasongko MA, Director of Health Services at Kusuma Buana Foundation stated that there are 3 types of worms that are often found in human intestines, namely roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus).

Without us knowing, eggs roundworms and whips are actually everywhere. In the air, these dangerous worm eggs mix with the dust, then blow away the wind. This worm eggs can perched on food or drinks that are left open. "If the food and drinks are consumed, then the worm eggs are also involved. In the intestine this egg develops into a larva, to then become an adult worm. "

Each worm has the following specific characteristics:

1. Worm strap

Color: Pink or white
Size: 20-30 cm
Living on: Small intestine

Roundworms, for example, can reach a length of 15-35 cm, even in the human stomach. These worms are also capable of laying up to 200,000 eggs per day, some of which come out along with stools. This worm is the most commonly found.

Mode of transmission:
  • Eggs of worms enter through the mouth
  • Hatch in the small intestine into larvae
  • The larvae are carried by the bloodstream to the lungs through the liver
  • When these larvae get to the throat and ingested, they enter the small intestine and become mature. Roundworms can suck 0.14 grams of carbohydrates daily

2. Worm whip

Color: Pink or gray
Size: 3-5 cm
Living on: Colon

Mode of transmission:
  • Egg worm swallowed with water or food
  • Hatch in the small intestine and stay in the large intestine
  • Worm eggs come out through the dirt and if the egg is swallowed, repeat this cycle

While the whipworm (so called because of its shape like a whip), its length can reach 45 millimeters and live in the colon. This worm, if hitting in the stomach, can be very troublesome. This worm can cause a person with diarrhea and snot and blood. This can take months. The whip worm sucks food and blood.

3. hookworm

Red
Size: 8-13 mm
Living on: Small intestine

Mode of transmission:
  • Larvae penetrate the skin of the foot
  • Through the bloodstream larvae are brought to the lungs causing coughing
  • Larvae are swallowed into adulthood in the small intestine where they plunge themselves to suck blood

More ferocious is the hookworm. These worms suck blood from the intestinal wall. Transmission of this worm through eggs that come out with feces, to then hatch into larvae. At the time of walking barefoot, these larvae can penetrate the skin of the feet and then carried away by blood vessels into the intestine and settle in the small intestine. This worm size is the smallest when compared to the other two worms, can only reach 13 millimeters.

4. Pinworms

White color
Size: 1 cm
Living on: Colon

Mode of transmission:
  • Female worms lay eggs at night in the anus.
  • Anus becomes itchy, scratching on the anus carrying this worm egg spreads. Through contact with bedding, pillows, bed sheets, clothing, eggs of pinworms are taken elsewhere.
  • If these eggs are eaten, repeat this cycle.

Pinworms are highly contagious and if one is affected, the whole family needs to be treated. At the time of treatment, bed sheets, pillowcases and clothes worn need to be washed.

Do not Drinking Drugs

Unfortunately, Adi said, people often misunderstand. Many consider, if you already eat a lot of worm drugs sold in the market, then all the worms in the stomach will die. Thus, the body will be free from worms. "On the packaging of anti-worming drugs are generally written, to avoid intestinal worms, are required to take the drug as much as two to three times a year. Actually making such a rule is not justified.

Read more: Easy Way to Keep Stamina Amid Solid Activity.

Drinking worm medicines just throw away worms from the body, but not make the body immune to the worms, "said Adi again. According to Adi, taking worm medicine is not a solution to remove worms. The worms are gone, but only temporarily. On another occasion he will breed again.

"If a person suffers from intestinal worms, it is advisable to perform a laboratory examination, having previously checked into a general practitioner or health center. The patient's stool will be examined, to find out what type of worm attacks the person, "he said.

If the type of worms that hatch in the stomach is known, the doctor will give the right worm medicine. The dose will be adjusted to the patient's weight. And more importantly, the patient's body will be immune to the type of worm attack. Adi suggested this laboratory check is done six months. "But the laboratory treatment should also be balanced to maintain personal hygiene and environment. Otherwise, the worm will return to attack, "said Adi.
Worm Hazards for Children and Adults Worm Hazards for Children and Adults Reviewed by Roseous Com on June 12, 2018 Rating: 5

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