Tips Caring for Heart Disease Patients at Home

Roseous.comTips Caring for Heart Disease Patients at HomeIf there are family members at home who are recovering from heart attacks or people with heart disease, there are many things to watch out for. This is because heart disease can endanger lives. In fact, according to a Sample Registration System survey of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia in 2014, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death at all ages after a stroke. Therefore, how to care for heart patients at home is very important to know.

There are many causes of a person affected by heart disease, depending on the type of heart disease experienced. Can be due to unhealthy lifestyles, obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke, congenital disorders, and others.

Tips Caring for Heart Disease Patients at Home

How to preventive is the easiest way to do, such as implementing a healthy lifestyle and steer clear of cigarette smoke, passive or active. However, if preventive measures are not sufficient to stem the attacks of heart disease, then repressive means will not be done.

There are many factors that must be taken into account and done in repressive mechanisms, so that people with heart disease can lead a normal life. Here are some tips for treating heart patients at home:

1. Set food intake

Nutrition for a healthy heart is a nutrient that does not contain lots of cholesterol LDL cholesterol alias bad cholesterol, can lower blood pressure, lower blood sugar levels, and lose weight.

Presented by dr. Melyarna Putri, here is a diet for people with heart disease:
  • Consumption of more fish. In addition to being a source of protein and other nutrients, fish also contain omega-3 which can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends eating fish such as salmon twice a week.
  • Consumption of vegetables, fruits, wheat, and nuts. This type of food can be the right strategy to fight heart disease.
  • Choose the right fats. Fat is not always evil. Fat is needed by the body to dissolve vitamins A, D, E, and K. However, it is wise in eating them. Reduce consumption of unsaturated fats and do not consume more than 7-10 percent saturated fat (eg butter, fried foods, sweet foods, and salad dressing) .When you want to add fat, choose high fats with monounsaturated fats or polyunsaturated fats (eg canola oil, olive oil, or peanut oil).
  • Expand variety of food. Foods that contain high protein such as meat or dairy products can increase the risk of heart disease. So, to reduce this risk, balance the protein from meat, fish, and vegetables.
  • Reduce cholesterol intake. Get energy by increasing the intake of complex carbohydrates and reduce sugar, soft drinks, and sweet foods or drinks.
  • Another strategy: reduce salt, exercise regularly, lots of water consumption, and do the diet with a sense of pleasure.

2. Exercise is highly recommended, but do not choose any

According to dr. Dyan Mega Inderawati, both congenital heart sufferers and coronary heart, should avoid competition sport such as race run, soccer, basketball, tennis or badminton.

"This is because at the time of competition, a person is required to expel all his abilities without being able to adjust the limits of ability. Someone who basically has a heart disorder can suddenly experience rhythm disturbance and heart work, then there was a heart attack. Unfortunately, most heart attacks occur outside the hospital. With limited facilities, rescue action will be more difficult, "explained the doctor who is familiarly called dr. This Ega.

According to AHA, the types of exercise that can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease are walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming. As much as possible, make sure the patient is exercising every day. If not yet able, do moderate intensity exercise for 30 minutes, five times a week. Another option is moderate intensity exercise for 30 minutes to an hour, three times a week.

3. Keep track of the course of treatment

Quoting from the WebMD page, according to David A. Meyerson, MD, JD, director of cardiology consulting services at John Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, United States (US), monitor the course of treatment is very important. Encourage and help the patient not to be negligent in the treatment, and help them understand how important the drugs are prescribed.

To help with this, you can provide a medicine box and arrange it in such a way as to avoid mistakes or omissions. It is also important to keep a list of the latest drugs and take them while performing doctor controls for review.

4. Stop smoking

Tobacco is one of the major risk factors for heart disease because it can damage blood vessel walls. Smoking can disrupt the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart and other organs. Smoking can also cause blood clots, which can lead to heart attacks.

Nicotine in cigarettes can increase blood pressure. If sufferers have difficulty stopping this habit, consult a doctor to help them to quit. In addition, avoid also be a passive smoker.

5. Control blood pressure

Hypertension can put pressure on the heart and blood vessels. Consult a doctor to control blood pressure, which includes exercise, low-salt diet, and strive to achieve ideal weight. It could be that doctors will prescribe drugs to control blood pressure.

6. Control cholesterol levels

Too much bad cholesterol aka low-density lipoprotein (LDL) may increase the risk of heart disease. If the cholesterol of a person with heart disease is known to be high, the doctor may prescribe drugs to lower it. In addition, apply also a healthy diet and exercise regularly.

7. Check diabetes

Diabetes is known to increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. "One mechanism of the occurrence of complications in diabetic patients is excessive blood sugar in the blood can damage the walls of blood vessels. If diabetes is not controlled properly, eating can occur several diseases such as heart disease and stroke, "said dr. Alvin Nursalim.

8. Control stress levels

Heart disease is a serious condition. For some people with heart disease, this is a difficult condition to accept. Give them support. Ask them what they feel, listen to, and discuss about what you can make them feel better. Keep in mind that untreated stress can cause depression, and in to encourage them to trust and follow doctor's advice during recovery or treatment.

9. Do not ignore your own health

Heart disease patients should try to do things that once liked, and you who take care of them at home can help. Gathering with friends and family can help maintain overall health.

However, keep in mind when you are treating people with heart disease, it is very important for you not to neglect your own health and rest when tired. Not only that, do not be shy to ask for help from other parties. If you are tired, or even sick, you will not be able to help provide maximum support in helping to restore heart disease patients at home.

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Beware of these signs

If a person has had a heart attack, he or she has a higher risk of having a sustained heart problem. Therefore it is very important to know the signs. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), seek emergency medical help if sufferers experience the following critical symptoms:
  • Chest pain (angina)
  • Tension or feel pressure in the arms, neck, jaw, or stomach
  • Shortness of breath or shortness of breath
  • Dizziness, weakness, or fainting
  • Pale and sweaty
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Nausea and / or vomiting
  • Swelling or pain in the legs
  • Sudden fatigue

The existence of heart disease does not mean the sufferer should stop doing things that are liked, but must prioritize physical and mental health. For you who care for people with heart disease at home, be sure to pay attention to the things mentioned above so that the patient can live as usual and full of spirit. Also make this a motivation for you to realize the importance of applying a healthy lifestyle so as not to experience a similar illness.
Tips Caring for Heart Disease Patients at Home Tips Caring for Heart Disease Patients at Home Reviewed by ROSEOUS COM on July 08, 2018 Rating: 5
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