Joint Pain As a Result of Knee Injury, Treated as Soon as possible

Roseous.comJoint Pain As a Result of Knee Injury, Treated as Soon as possibleKnee injury can occur in one of the constituent structures of the knee, namely the ligament, cartilage, or hard bone. Knee injuries can hamper daily activities because they cause walking difficulties.

Injuries that hit the knee generally occur during exercise. The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament is the most frequently injured part.

Joint Pain As a Result of Knee Injury, Treated as Soon as possible

What Happens When Having a Knee Injury

An injured knee can cause pain, bruising, or swelling. These three things can appear a few minutes after someone has a knee injury. Pinching of nerve tissue, shifting or cracking of the knee bone, to tears in the veins inside the knee, are conditions that generally occur and cause pain.

Another common result of knee injury is numbness in the lower limbs. In addition, the lower limbs or legs can feel weak, cold, tingling, bruising, or pale.

Knee injuries that occur suddenly, or called acute injuries, can be caused by a direct impact on the knee. In addition, a knee injury can also occur because of being a pedestal when turning your body, falling, or bending your knees.

Different Types of Knee Injuries

Because the knee is composed of various tissues, the knee injury is also divided into several types, based on damaged tissue. Below are various conditions of knee injuries that often occur:

  • Sprain

Sprains are a knee injury that affects the ligaments. The ligament itself is a connective tissue that functions to unite all parts of the knee. Knee injury due to sprains is subdivided into three, based on the degree of damage to the ligament.
    • Sprain level 1: Ligaments in the knee stretch and cause pain. However, the knee is still stable and there are no tears in the ligament.
    • Level 2 sprains: There is instability in the knee, because some of the ligamentous fibers experience tears.
    • Level 3 sprains: There are severe tears in the ligament.

  • Bursitis

Another knee injury is bursitis, which is inflammation due to irritation or infection, in a sac filled with knee fluid called the bursa. The bursa itself serves as a pressure reducer to minimize friction between the tissues that form the knee, such as the muscles and tendons around the joint. There are two main exchanges on the knee, which are above the kneecap and which are located at the tip of the shin (tibia).

  • Meniscus damage (meniscal tears)

Meniscus is a crescent shaped disc from cartilage that has a function to reduce friction. Aside from being a damper, this part also functions as a fine cushion for the femur or femur. This type of knee injury can occur due to overuse or due to natural processes as you get older.

  • Knee muscle tension

Tension in the knee occurs when the muscles and tendons around the knee stretch due to too deep bending or too wide during stretching. Besides causing tremendous pain, this condition can also cause disruption of knee function, especially in the freedom of movement.

  • Dislocation of the kneecap

Knees or patella can move to the side of the knee. Often this condition is caused by injury due to an accident or exercise. Although very painful, the dislocation of the kneecap is not life threatening. To restore knee conditions, physiotherapy is needed.

  • Joint dislocation

If the knee has a strong blow, then the possibility of experiencing dislocation or shifting joints is very high. Collisions can occur during sports or when an accident occurs. This type of knee injury causes severe damage to all components of the knee constituent. Damage can also affect the nervous system and blood vessels in the knee.

  • Knee fracture
Fractures or fractures of the knee are usually caused by a direct blow to the knee bone. This can happen if when it falls, the kneecap becomes a weight barrier. Fractures can also occur in the shin due to sudden pressure to the knee, especially in people who already have osteoporosis.

Other injuries that can affect the knee are patellofemoral pain syndrome or commonly referred to as runner knee disease. There is also a condition called chondromalacia patella. The cause of these two types of knee disorders is repetitive damage to the knee structure based on genetic factors or by moving the wrong knee during activity.

What You Need to Do When Having a Knee Injury

When you have a knee injury, what should be done within 2-3 days of experiencing an injury are:
  1. Immediately stop whatever physical activity is being undertaken.
  2. Compress with ice water for 15 minutes every two hours to reduce pain due to internal swelling and bleeding.
  3. To prevent worsening of injuries and pain, knee bandages when injured.
  4. Lie down with your knees above your body.
  5. Do not give hot water or balm to the injured joint.
  6. Do not consume alcoholic beverages because they can aggravate swelling and bleeding.
  7. Bleeding and swelling can get worse if a massage is performed on the injured area. Therefore, do not do massage on the site of the injured joint.
  8. Don't use the knee joint. Because by resting the joints, can give a good impact to reduce pain.

If the injury is severe and feels impossible to heal by itself, contact a doctor. Some things a doctor might do with a knee injury, include:

  • Open operation

If the knee is severely injured and requires complete repair, open surgery is possible.

  • Arthroscopic surgery

Usually this surgery is performed on cartilage injury. Arthroscopic surgery is done by making a small incision in the knee then inserting the operating instrument through the incision.

  • Withdrawal of fluid or aspiration

This action will be carried out if the knee joint has severe swelling, so the fluid inside must be removed through the needle. This is the method used to increase the ability of the knee to move and strength. This method is also used to reduce pain due to injury.

  • Physiotherapy

This is the method used to improve knee motion and strength. This method is also used to reduce pain due to injury.

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Knee injuries can occur to anyone and at any time. Perform the initial steps of care so that the injury does not get worse. To reduce the risk of injury, do not carry items or put too much weight on your knees, warm up before exercising, and use comfortable shoes for each activity. If there is severe knee pain that makes you unable to move and have difficulty walking, consult a doctor immediately.
Joint Pain As a Result of Knee Injury, Treated as Soon as possible Joint Pain As a Result of Knee Injury, Treated as Soon as possible Reviewed by ROSEOUS COM on August 07, 2018 Rating: 5
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